Laos does not have a repatriation agreement with the U.S. Laos has rarely issued travel documents for deportation. In July 2018, the U.S. cut off visas for certain high-level Lao government officials until they start cooperating with U.S. deportation policy. In response, the Lao government stated that it interviewed a small number of people for travel documents and has issued three travel documents. In February 2020, media reported that Laos had agreed to issue a limited number of travel documents each year.

So far, ICE has not carried out large-scale raids as it has with the Cambodian community. There are about 4,600 people considered by ICE to be nationals of Laos who have removal orders and are living the U.S. This number includes Hmong, Mien, and other ethnic minority communities.